Periodontal disease is caused by plaque built up over time. Plaque, when not remove properly, can cause your gum to become infected, leading to Gingivitis and Periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a condition where plaque, built-up over time, can cause the gum to become red and irritated. It may look swollen and bleed upon brushing. If left untreated, the plaque will form underneath the gum and lead to more serious problems. At this stage, a professional dental cleaning and improved oral hygiene will treat the condition.
Periodontitis develops when gingivitis is not treated. Long term periodontitis can cause gum recession and bone loss. Over time, without the gum and bone support to hold the teeth in place, the teeth may become loose and require removal. Periodontitis can be treated with a deep cleaning called scaling and root planning and in more severe cases, dental surgery.